Health Insurance Deductibles: Types and Functions

If you are young and new to the concept of health insurance, you may be confused about what are deductibles in health insurance.We are here to explain everything about health insurance deductibles so that you can make the right choice in choosing your healthcare plan.

Health insurance is a crucial aspect of financial planning and risk management, providing individuals and families with much-needed support in times of medical emergencies and healthcare expenses. To make the most of your health insurance plans, it is essential for you to understand various components of their coverage, including deductibles. So let us explore what are deductibles in health insurance and their significance in managing healthcare costs.

How Do Deductibles Work?

A deductible in health insurance is the initial amount of money that you, as a policyholder, must pay out-of-pocket before the insurance company starts covering a portion of your medical expenses. This means that the insurer will only reimburse medical costs after the policyholder has reached the deductible amount. Deductibles are typically expressed as an annual figure, and they may vary depending on the specific health insurance plan chosen by the individual or employer.

To better understand how deductibles function, let’s consider a few examples:

Medical Expenses in the Year Deductible Limit Insurance Coverage Out-of-Pocket Expenses
Rs. 40,000
Rs. 50,000
Rs. 40,000
Rs. 70,000
Rs. 50,000
Rs. 50,000
(after deductible)
(Rs. 20,000)

Types of Health Insurance Plans and Deductibles

Different health insurance plans have varying structures of deductibles, which can affect the overall cost of your healthcare. Some common types of health insurance plans include:

High Deductible Health Plans (HDHPs)

These plans typically have higher deductibles but lower monthly premiums. HDHPs are often paired with Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) or Health Reimbursement Arrangements (HRAs) to help policyholders save for future medical expenses on a tax-advantaged basis.

Low Deductible Health Plans

These plans usually have lower deductibles but come with higher monthly premiums. They are suitable for individuals or families who anticipate higher healthcare needs or want more predictable costs throughout the year.

Coinsurance & Copay

Some health insurance plans use coinsurance, where the policyholder pays a percentage of the medical costs after meeting the deductible. Others use copayments (copays), which are fixed amounts paid for specific services, such as doctor visits or prescription medications.

Significance of Deductibles

Deductibles serve several essential purposes in health insurance:


  • Cost Sharing: By requiring policyholders to pay a deductible, insurance companies encourage cost-sharing, discouraging unnecessary medical expenses and promoting responsible healthcare usage.


  • Reducing Premiums: Plans with higher deductibles generally have lower monthly premiums, making health insurance more affordable for individuals who do not anticipate frequent medical needs.


  • Protection from Catastrophic Expenses: Deductibles protect policyholders from catastrophic medical expenses, ensuring that they are not burdened with exorbitant costs in case of severe illness or injury.


  • Encouraging Preventive Care: Although deductibles may not apply to preventive services, they still motivate individuals to seek regular preventive care, thus promoting early detection and better health outcomes.

Tips to Manage Deductibles

While deductibles are a standard feature in health insurance plans, there are several strategies to manage them effectively:

#1 Utilize Preventive Services

Take advantage of preventive services that are often covered without being subject to the deductible, such as routine check-ups and vaccinations.

#2 Utilize In-Network Providers

Visiting healthcare providers within your insurance plan’s network can help you access discounted rates and reduce out-of-pocket expenses.

#3 Consider Health Savings Accounts (HSAs)

If you have a high deductible health plan, consider contributing to an HSA to save pre-tax money for eligible medical expenses, helping you cover your deductible and other out-of-pocket costs.

#4 Budget and Plan Ahead

Budget for the deductible and potential medical expenses, especially if you expect a significant healthcare event in the coming year.


Understanding the concept of deductibles in health insurance is crucial for making informed decisions when selecting a health insurance plan. It empowers you to manage your healthcare costs effectively and ensures that you can access the medical care you need while safeguarding against financial hardships. By carefully examining your needs and considering various health insurance options, you can find the most suitable plan that strikes the right balance between premiums, deductibles, and coverage.


A health insurance deductible is the initial amount that the policyholder must pay out-of-pocket before the insurance company starts covering a portion of their medical expenses. It is a fixed amount that resets annually, and the policyholder needs to meet it again each year.

The deductible directly impacts your out-of-pocket expenses for healthcare. If you have a higher deductible, your monthly premiums are usually lower, but you'll have to pay more for medical services until you reach the deductible. On the other hand, a lower deductible often means higher monthly premiums but less initial expense for medical care.

No, certain preventive services, such as annual check-ups, vaccinations, and screenings, are often exempt from the deductible. Insurance companies usually cover these services in full, encouraging policyholders to seek preventive care without incurring any out-of-pocket costs.

Yes, when selecting a health insurance plan, you can often choose from different deductible options. Insurance providers offer plans with varying deductible amounts to cater to different individuals' healthcare needs and financial situations.

Some health insurance plans may waive the deductible for certain services or medical conditions. For instance, some plans may have lower or no deductibles for essential services like maternity care or chronic disease management. 

Amit Arora


I am a seasoned retail banker with over 21 years of global experience across business, risk and digital. In my last assignment as Global Head Digital Capabilities, I drove the largest change initiative in the bank to deliver the end-to-end digital program with over US$1 billion in planned investment. Prior to that, as COO for Group Retail Products & Digital, I implemented a risk management framework for retail banking across the group.
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