Exploring the Road to Protection: Different Types of Car Insurance in India

Driving comes with its share of uncertainties, and one way to mitigate risks on the road is through car insurance. Car insurance provides financial protection against accidents, theft, damage, and more. However, not all car insurance policies are created equal. There are various types of car insurance, each tailored to specific needs and circumstances. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the different types of car insurance to help you make an informed decision when safeguarding your vehicle and peace of mind.

1. Third-Party Liability Insurance

  • Coverage: Third-party liability insurance is mandatory in many countries, including India. It covers the costs of injury, death, or property damage caused to a third party in an accident where you are at fault.
  • Key Features: It provides protection against legal liabilities arising from accidents, making it a legal requirement for all vehicle owners.
  • Who Should Consider: This insurance is for all vehicle owners to comply with legal requirements and protect against third-party liabilities.
InsurerStarting Premium (Annual)Sum Insured (Rs.)
ICICI LombardRs. 2,072Up to ₹1 lakh
Bajaj AllianzRs. 2,049Up to Rs. 15 lakhs
HDFC ErgoRs. 2,049Up to Rs. 15 lakhs
TATA AIGRs. 2,049Up to Rs. 7.5 lakhs
Royal SundaramRs. 2,072Up to Rs. 7.5 lakhs

2. Comprehensive Car Insurance

  • Coverage: Comprehensive car insurance offers all-round protection. It covers damage to your own vehicle, third-party liabilities, and provides additional coverage like theft, natural disasters, and more.
  • Key Features: It offers comprehensive protection for your vehicle and is ideal for new and expensive cars.
  • Who Should Consider: Owners of new or high-value cars who want extensive coverage and peace of mind.
InsurerStarting Premium (Annual)Sum Insured (Rs.)
ICICI LombardRs. 2,049At least Rs. 15 lakhs
Bajaj AllianzRs. 2,072Rs. 15 lakhs
HDFC ErgoRs. 2,094At least Rs. 15 lakhs
TATA AIGRs. 2,094At least Rs. 15 lakhs
Royal SundaramNARs. 15-50 lakhs

3. Collision Insurance

  • Coverage: Collision insurance pays for damage to your car resulting from collisions with other vehicles or objects, regardless of who is at fault.
  • Key Features: It provides coverage for repairs or replacement of your vehicle in case of accidents.
  • Who Should Consider: Owners of newer cars or those with outstanding loans on their vehicles.

Usually, this coverage is included in a comprehensive car insurance policy or can be taken up  as an add-on.

4. Comprehensive Insurance with Zero Depreciation

  • Coverage: This type of comprehensive insurance offers full coverage without factoring in depreciation. It covers the entire cost of repair or replacement.
  • Key Features: It is especially useful for brand-new cars where depreciation can significantly reduce the payout in case of a claim.
  • Who Should Consider: Owners of new cars looking for comprehensive coverage without depreciation deductions.

Usually, the zero depreciation coverage can be included as an add-on in a comprehensive car insurance policy.

5. Personal Injury Protection (PIP) Insurance

  • Coverage: PIP insurance covers medical expenses for you and your passengers in the event of an accident, regardless of fault.
  • Key Features: It provides immediate medical coverage and can include additional benefits like lost wages and rehabilitation expenses.
  • Who Should Consider: Useful for individuals without health insurance or as supplementary coverage for medical expenses.

Usually, PIP is already included or can be included as an add-on in a comprehensive car insurance policy

6. Uninsured/Underinsured Motorist Coverage

  • Coverage: This insurance covers expenses if you are involved in an accident with an uninsured or underinsured driver.
  • Key Features: It ensures you receive compensation even if the at-fault driver lacks sufficient coverage.
  • Who Should Consider: Recommended for added protection in areas with a high number of uninsured or underinsured drivers.

Usually, this coverage is included in a comprehensive car insurance policy or can be taken up  as an add-on.

7. Gap Insurance

  • Coverage: Gap insurance covers the ‘gap’ between the actual cash value of your car and the outstanding loan amount in the event of a total loss.
  • Key Features: It prevents you from being financially burdened by a car loan for a vehicle you no longer possess.
  • Who Should Consider: Beneficial for individuals with substantial car loans or leasing arrangements.

To Choose the Car Insurance Right For Yourself…

#1. Evaluate your coverage needs: Consider the level of coverage required by law and your personal financial situation.

#2. Determine your budget: Set a budget for insurance premiums that you can comfortably afford.

#3. Compare quotes: Obtain quotes from multiple insurance providers to find competitive rates.

#4. Assess deductibles: Understand how deductibles impact premiums and choose one that aligns with your budget.

#5. Review policy limits: Ensure policy limits are sufficient to cover potential expenses in case of an accident.

#6. Consider riders: Explore optional coverage like roadside assistance or rental car reimbursement.
#7. Search for discounts: Inquire about discounts for safe driving, good grades, or anti-theft devices.


Choosing the right type of car insurance is a critical decision that depends on various factors, including your vehicle’s value, your financial situation, and your risk tolerance. Whether you opt for basic third-party coverage, comprehensive protection, or specialized policies like PIP or gap insurance, it’s essential to assess your needs and budget carefully. A well-chosen car insurance policy not only safeguards your vehicle but also provides you with peace of mind as you navigate the roads.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Finnable has set a required minimum age for personal loan of 21 years for individuals to be eligible for a personal loan. This ensures that applicants have reached legal adulthood and are capable of entering into a financial agreement.

Yes, Finnable understands the financial needs of young borrowers and offers personalised loan options tailored to their specific requirements. Whether it's financing higher education, purchasing essential items, or starting a business venture, Finnable provides support to young individuals seeking financial assistance.

Borrowers nearing retirement may have unique financial needs, such as retirement planning, medical expenses, or supporting their children's education. Finnable offers personalised loan solutions that consider the specific circumstances of pre-retirement individuals, helping them meet their financial goals.

Unfortunately, no. Finnable does not, at the moment, offer any loans to senior citizens. Currently, 60 is the maximum age for personal loans set by Finnable

Other than personal loan age limits, Finnable considers various other factors for determining loan eligibility. These factors may include the applicant's income, credit score, repayment capacity, and employment stability. By assessing these aspects comprehensively, Finnable ensures that borrowers across different age groups can access the loan products that best suit their financial needs. 


Amit Arora

I am a seasoned retail banker with over 21 years of global experience across business, risk and digital. In my last assignment as Global Head Digital Capabilities, I drove the largest change initiative in the bank to deliver the end-to-end digital program with over US$1 billion in planned investment. Prior to that, as COO for Group Retail Products & Digital, I implemented a risk management framework for retail banking across the group.
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