A Step-by-Step Guide to Building A Lucrative Mutual Fund Portfolio

When it comes to investments, the best method for achieving desired outcomes is customization. By tailoring your investment mix to your requirements and preferences, you can book the returns you want in the time that you want them. Investing in a mutual fund portfolio can be an excellent way to design a portfolio that can grow your wealth over time while spreading risk across a diverse range of assets. 

Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced investor, building a mutual fund portfolio from scratch can be a smart financial move. We are here to guide you through the steps to construct a well-balanced mutual fund portfolio that is custom-made to suit your financial goals and risk tolerance.

Step 1: Define Your Financial Goals

Before diving into mutual fund selection, it’s crucial to define your financial objectives. What are you investing for? Are you saving for retirement, a down payment on a house, or your child’s education? Your goals will determine your investment horizon and risk tolerance.

  • Short-Term Goals (1-3 years): Opt for conservative investments with low volatility.
  • Medium-Term Goals (3-5 years): A balanced approach with a mix of assets is appropriate.
  • Long-Term Goals (5+ years): You can afford to take on more risk for potentially higher returns.

Step 2: Assess Your Risk Tolerance

Understanding your risk tolerance is crucial in building a portfolio that aligns with your comfort level. Be honest about how you react to market fluctuations. Risk tolerance typically falls into one of these categories:

  • Conservative: You prioritize capital preservation over potential gains.
  • Moderate: You’re willing to accept some fluctuations for potential growth.
  • Aggressive: You seek higher returns and are comfortable with significant market volatility.

Step 3: Diversification Is Key

Diversification is a risk management strategy that involves spreading your investments across various asset classes, reducing the impact of poor performance in any one asset on the overall portfolio. This approach helps to manage risk and achieve a more balanced risk-return profile in your investment portfolio.

1. Equity Funds:

Equity funds invest primarily in stocks, which represent ownership stakes in publicly traded companies. These can be domestic or international companies. Equity funds come in various flavours, including:

  • Large-Cap Funds: To invest in established, large companies with stable earnings.
  • Mid-Cap Funds: To focus on medium-sized companies, offering a balance of growth potential and stability.
  • Small-Cap Funds: To invest in smaller, potentially high-growth companies.

Equity funds tend to be more volatile than fixed-income funds, but they also have the potential for higher long-term returns. The choice among large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds depends on your risk tolerance and investment horizon.

2. Fixed-Income Funds:

Fixed-income funds invest in bonds, which are essentially loans to governments or corporations. In return, you receive periodic interest payments and the return of your principal at maturity.

Fixed-income funds can consist of various types of bonds, such as:

  • Government Bonds: Issued by governments and considered low-risk.
  • Corporate Bonds: Issued by corporations, offering higher yields but with higher default risk.
  • Municipal Bonds: Issued by state or local governments and provide tax advantages for some investors.

Fixed-income funds are generally less volatile than equity funds and provide income stability. They are often included in a portfolio for capital preservation and income generation.

3. Hybrid Funds (Balanced Funds):

Hybrid funds, also known as balanced funds, provide a mix of both stocks and bonds within a single fund. They aim to offer a balanced risk-return profile. They also come in different allocation ratios. For example, a moderate allocation might be 60% stocks and 40% bonds, while a more aggressive allocation could be 80% stocks and 20% bonds.

Hybrid funds are designed for investors seeking diversification without the need to manage individual asset classes. They provide a middle ground between the potential for capital growth and income.

4. Specialty Funds:

Specialty funds, like the name suggests, focus on specific sectors or industries, such as technology, healthcare, real estate, or commodities. These funds offer exposure to niche areas of the market.

There is a wide range of specialty funds, each specializing in a particular industry or sector. Examples include technology sector funds, healthcare sector funds, and real estate investment trusts (REITs). Specialty funds can provide targeted exposure to sectors you believe will perform well. However, they can also carry higher risk, as their performance depends heavily on the performance of the specific sector they focus on.

Step 4: Selecting Mutual Funds

Now that you have a clear understanding of your goals, risk tolerance, and the importance of diversification, it’s time to select the actual mutual funds. Consider the following factors:

  • Expense Ratio: Lower expense ratios are preferable, as they reduce the overall cost of investing.
  • Performance History: Review a fund’s historical returns, but remember that past performance is not indicative of future results.
  • Fund Management: Assess the fund management’s track record and experience.
  • Asset Allocation: Ensure the fund’s holdings align with your desired asset allocation.
  • Risk Metrics: Analyse metrics like standard deviation and beta to gauge a fund’s risk level.
  • Tax Efficiency: Consider tax implications, especially if you’re investing in a taxable account.

Following are some sample mutual fund portfolios divided on the bases of risk preferences and fund distribution. You can refer to this table full of investment strategy examples to better understand which mutual fund portfolio suits you best:

Asset ClassConservative PortfolioBalanced PortfolioAggressive Portfolio
Equity Funds20% Large-Cap Domestic Stocks30% Large-Cap Domestic Stocks40% Large-Cap Domestic Stocks
10% International Stocks10% International Stocks10% International Stocks
10% Mid-Cap Domestic Stocks10% Mid-Cap Domestic Stocks
10% Small-Cap Domestic Stocks
Fixed-Income Funds30% Investment-Grade Bonds20% Investment-Grade Bonds10% Investment-Grade Bonds
20% Treasury Bonds10% Treasury Bonds10% Treasury Bonds
10% Municipal Bonds10% Municipal Bonds10% Municipal Bonds
Hybrid Funds10% Balanced FundsN/A (Already balanced)0% Balanced Funds
Specialty Funds0% Sector-Specific Funds0% Sector-Specific Funds0% Sector-Specific Funds
Cash10% Money Market or Cash Equivalents10% Money Market or Cash Equivalents0% Money Market or Cash Equivalents

Step 5: Monitor and Rebalance

Building an investment plan with a mutual fund portfolio is not a one-time task. You need to monitor its performance regularly and rebalance when necessary. Over time, market movements can cause your asset allocation to drift from your original plan. Rebalancing involves selling over-performing assets and buying underperforming ones to restore your desired allocation.


Building a mutual fund portfolio from scratch requires careful planning and consideration of your financial goals and risk tolerance. By following these steps, you can construct a well-diversified portfolio that aligns with your objectives and helps you achieve your long-term financial aspirations. Remember that investing involves risks, and it’s essential to consult with a financial advisor if you’re unsure about any aspect of building your portfolio.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Finnable has set a required minimum age for personal loan of 21 years for individuals to be eligible for a personal loan. This ensures that applicants have reached legal adulthood and are capable of entering into a financial agreement.

Yes, Finnable understands the financial needs of young borrowers and offers personalised loan options tailored to their specific requirements. Whether it's financing higher education, purchasing essential items, or starting a business venture, Finnable provides support to young individuals seeking financial assistance.

Borrowers nearing retirement may have unique financial needs, such as retirement planning, medical expenses, or supporting their children's education. Finnable offers personalised loan solutions that consider the specific circumstances of pre-retirement individuals, helping them meet their financial goals.

Unfortunately, no. Finnable does not, at the moment, offer any loans to senior citizens. Currently, 60 is the maximum age for personal loans set by Finnable

Other than personal loan age limits, Finnable considers various other factors for determining loan eligibility. These factors may include the applicant's income, credit score, repayment capacity, and employment stability. By assessing these aspects comprehensively, Finnable ensures that borrowers across different age groups can access the loan products that best suit their financial needs. 


Amit Arora

I am a seasoned retail banker with over 21 years of global experience across business, risk and digital. In my last assignment as Global Head Digital Capabilities, I drove the largest change initiative in the bank to deliver the end-to-end digital program with over US$1 billion in planned investment. Prior to that, as COO for Group Retail Products & Digital, I implemented a risk management framework for retail banking across the group.
Finnable Logo