fbpx

Personal Loan Disbursement: Understanding the Process and Timeline

The personal loan disbursement process involves several steps that take place between the borrower and the lending institution. Each step ensures that the loan application is duly processed, verified, and the loan amount is released to the borrower’s account. Let’s go through the personal loan disbursement process in detail:

The Loan Disbursement Timeline

The process of loan disbursement begins right at the outset when you first apply for the personal loan. Here’s the rest of the steps it includes:

Step 1- Loan Agreement Signing

Before disbursing the loan amount, you, as the borrower, are required to sign a loan agreement. The agreement contains the terms and conditions of the loan, including the loan amount, interest rate, repayment schedule, and any applicable fees or charges.

Step 2- Loan Amount Calculation

The lender then calculates the final loan amount to be disbursed based on the approved loan application and your eligibility. The actual loan amount may differ from the applied amount based on the lender’s evaluation.

Step 3- Disbursement Options

You may be given options for loan disbursement. Common methods include a direct bank transfer to the borrower’s account, a check payment, or a demand draft.

Step 4- Processing Time

The processing time for loan disbursement varies among lenders and depends on factors such as the lender’s internal procedures, the loan amount, and the completeness of the your documentation.

Step 5- Disbursement Date

Once the loan processing is complete and all formalities are met, the lender sets a disbursement date. On this date, the approved loan amount is transferred to your designated account, or the agreed disbursement method is followed.

Step 6- Notification

You will typically be informed about the successful disbursement of the loan amount through an official communication from the lender.

Step 7: Repayment Commencement

After the loan amount is disbursed, you have to begin the repayment process as per the terms specified in the loan agreement.

Different Types of Personal Loan Disbursement Methods

Personal loan disbursement methods can vary depending on the lender and the specific terms and conditions of the loan. Here are some common types of personal loan disbursement methods: 

Lump Sum Disbursal

In this traditional disbursal method, the entire approved loan amount is transferred to the borrower’s bank account in a single installment. The borrower receives the full loan amount upfront and starts repaying the loan through Equated Monthly Installments (EMIs) from the specified repayment start date.

Partial Disbursal

In certain cases, lenders may opt for partial disbursal of the loan amount. Instead of transferring the entire loan amount at once, the lender disburses the loan in smaller installments as per the borrower’s requirement. For instance, if the borrower has been approved for a higher loan amount but does not need the full amount immediately, they can choose to receive only a portion of the loan and request additional disbursements as and when required.

Stage-wise Disbursal

In some situations, personal loans are linked to specific projects or activities, such as home renovation or wedding expenses. In such cases, lenders may offer stage-wise disbursals based on the completion of different project stages. The borrower can request disbursement of funds at each stage of the project as per the agreed-upon milestones.

Loan Amount Withdrawal

Some financial institutions offer flexible personal loan products that allow borrowers to withdraw funds as per their needs within a predefined credit limit. Similar to a credit line or overdraft facility, borrowers can access the loan amount whenever required, and interest is charged only on the withdrawn amount. This type of personal loan provides greater flexibility as the borrower can choose when and how much to withdraw up to the approved credit limit.

Direct Payment to Vendors

In certain cases, personal loans are taken for specific purposes, such as paying for education fees or medical expenses. Some lenders may directly pay the loan amount to the vendor or institution rather than transferring it to the borrower’s account. This ensures that the loan is utilized for the intended purpose and provides an added layer of security for both the lender and the borrower.

Overdraft Facility

In an overdraft facility, the lender provides a credit line based on the borrower’s creditworthiness. The borrower can withdraw funds up to the approved credit limit as and when required, similar to a loan amount withdrawal facility. However, the borrower is charged interest only on the amount withdrawn and for the duration of utilization.

Conclusion

The personal loan disbursement process involves several important steps, from the loan application to loan closing. Each step is essential for ensuring that the borrower’s creditworthiness, income, and ability to repay the loan are thoroughly evaluated. 

Once the loan is approved, the disbursal process begins, where the approved loan amount is transferred to the borrower’s bank account, and they become responsible for repaying the loan as per the agreed-upon terms.

Borrowers should carefully review loan terms, interest rates, and repayment schedules before finalizing any loan agreement, ensuring a smooth borrowing experience and responsible financial management.

Amit Arora Finnable

AMIT ARORA

I am a seasoned retail banker with over 21 years of global experience across business, risk and digital. In my last assignment as Global Head Digital Capabilities, I drove the largest change initiative in the bank to deliver the end-to-end digital program with over US$1 billion in planned investment. Prior to that, as COO for Group Retail Products & Digital, I implemented a risk management framework for retail banking across the group.
Finnable Logo